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36th Infantry Division
in WWII

These Books, Booklets and
Monographs
are on This CD
*A monograph is a work of writing of essay or book on a specific subject and may be released in the manner of a book or journal article.

Order of Battle

Headquarters and Headquarters Company

141st Infantry Regiment
142nd Infantry Regiment
143rd Infantry Regiment

442nd Infantry Regiment (attached Oct - Nov 44)

36th Infantry Division Artillery
131st Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
132nd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
133rd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm)
155th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm)

36th Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)
111th Engineer Combat Battalion
111th Medical Battalion
36th Infantry Division Military Police Platoon
36th Infantry Division Special Troops
36th Quartermaster Company
36th Signal Company
736th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
36th Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment



Casualties

Killed - 1,523
Killed in action - 3,131
Wounded in action - 13,191

Died of wounds - 506




Campaigns
Naples - Foggia 9 Sep 43 - 21 Jan 44
Anzio 22 Jan - 24 May 44
Rome - Arno

22 Jan - 9 Sep 44

Southern France 15 Aug - 14 Sep 44
Rhineland 15 Sept 44 - 21 Mar 45
Ardennes - Alsace 16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45
Central Europe 22 Mar - 11 May 45



Medals

Medal of Honor - 14
Distinguished Service Crosses - 80
Distinguished Service Medals - 2
Silver Stars - 2,354
Legion of Merit Medals - 49
Soldier's Medals - 77
Bronze Star Medals - 5,407
Air Medals - 88




Medal of Honor Recepients

Bernard P. Bell, T/Sgt.
142nd Infantry Regiment - Company I
Mittelwihr, France
18 December 1944

Arnold L. Bjorklund, 1st Lt.
36th Infantry Division
nr. Altavilla, Italy
September 13, 1943

Charles H. Coolidge, T/Sgt.
141st Infantry Regiment - Company M
Belmont sur Buttant, France
October 24 - 27, 1944

Morris E. Crain, T/Sgt.
141st InfantryRegiment - Company E
Haguenau, France
March 13, 1945

William J. Crawford, Pvt.
36th Infantry Division
nr. Altavilla, Italy
September 13, 1943

Edward C. Dahlgren, Sgt.
142nd Infantry Regiment - Company E
Oberhoffen, France
February 11, 1945

Emile Deleau, Jr., Sgt.
142nd Infantry Regiment - Company A
Oberhoffen, France
February 12, 1945

Stephen R. Gregg, 2nd Lt.
143rd Infantry Regiment
nr. Montelimar, France
August 27, 1944

Silvestre S. Herrera, Pfc.
142nd Infantry Regiment - Company E
nr. Mertzwiller, France
March 15, 1945

Charles E. Kelly, Cpl.
143rd Infantry Regiment - Company L
nr. Altavilla, Italy,
September 13, 1943

James M. Logan, Sgt.
36th Infantry Division
nr. Salerno, Italy
September 9, 1943

Thomas E. McCall, S/Sgt.
143rd Infantry Regiment - Company F
nr. San Angelo, Italy
January 22, 1944

Ellis R. Weicht, Sgt.
142nd Infantry Regiment - Company F
St. Hippolyte, France
December 3, 1944

Homer L. Wise, S/Sgt.
142nd Infantry Regiment - Company L
Magliano, Italy
June 14, 1944




1940

 25 Nov-
The 36th was called up Active Federal Service at San Antonio, Texas.
14 Dec-
The Division departed for its Mobilization Station at Camp Bowie, Texas.
1941
 
1 Jun-
The 36th moved to Brownwood, Texas where it participated in the VIII Corps Brownwood Maneuvers.
13 Jun-
The Division returned to Camp Bowie.
Aug-
The Division moved to Mansfield, Louisiana, and took part in Louisiana Maneuvers Aug. and Sep.
2 Oct-
The Division returned to Camp Bowie.
1942
 
1 Feb-
The Division was reorganized into a Triangular Infantry Division.
19 Feb-
The Division moved to Camp Blanding, Florida.
9 Jul-
The Division participated in the Carolina Maneuvers till 15Aug.
17 Aug-
The Division was Staged at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts for its Port Call.
1943
 2 Apr-
The Division departed the New York Port of Embarkation for North Africa.
13 Apr-
The 36th Infantry Division landed in North Africa and trained at Arzew and Rabat.
9 Sep-
The Division first saw action,when it landed by sea at Paestum on the Gulf of Salerno against intense German opposition.
12 Sep-
The Germans launched counterattacks but the 36th repulsed them with the aid of air support and naval gunfir and advanced slowly, securing the area from Agropoli to Altavilla.
15 Nov-
After a brief rest the 36th returned to combat the 36th captured Mount Maggiore, Mount Lungo, and the village of San Pietro despite strong enemy positions and severe winter weather.
1944
 
1 Jan-
This grueling campaign was marked by futile attempts to establish a secure bridgehead across the Rapido River until 8 Feb.
12 Mar-
After assisting the 34th Division in the attack on Cassino and fighting defensively along the Rapido River, the severely depleted 36th withdrew for rest and rehabilitation.
25 May-
The Division was sent by sea to the Anzio bridgehead to take part in Operation Diadem.
1 Jun-
The 36th drove north to capture Velletri.
5 Jun-
The Division entered Rome.
26 Jun-
Pushing up from Rome, the 36th encountered sharp resistance at Magliano, but reached Piombino before moving back to Paestum for rest and rehabilitation.
15 Aug-
As part of the American 6th Army Group, the Division made another amphibious assault landing, against light opposition in the Saint-Raphaël-Fréjus area of Southern France as part of Operation Dragoon.
28 Aug-
Montelimar fell and large German units were trapped.
15 Sep-
The Division was attached to the French First Army and advanced to the Moselle River at Remiremont and the foothills of the Vosges. In a grinding offensive, the Division crossed the Meurthe River, breached the Ste. Marie Pass and burst
into the Alsatian Plains.
13 Dec-
The enemy counterattacked but the 36th held the perimeter of the Colmar Pocket.
15 Dec-
The Division was released from attachment to the First French Army, and returned to the control of VI Corps.
20 Dec-
The Division resumed the attack, advancing northward along the Rhine River to Mannheim meeting heavy resistance at Haguenau, Oberhofen, and Wissembourg. In this action Company "G" 143rd Infantry Regiment gained a Presidential Unit Citation.
27 Dec-
The Division was reassigned to XXI Corps.
30 Dec-
The Division returned to Seventh Army Reserve and was taken out of the line for the first time since it had landed in the south of France.
1945
 
 3 Jan-
The Division was reassigned to XV Corps.
18 Jan-
The Division was reassigned to VI Corps.
Mar-
The Division returned to the line early March.
29 Mar-
The 36th was reassigned to the Seventh Army.
22 Apr-
The Division moved to the Danube River.
27 Apr-
The Division was reassigned to the XXI Corps.
30 Apr-
The Division attacked the "National Redoubt" at Künzelsau.
8 May-
The division was based in Kitzbuhel, Austria where it captured Field Marshall Gerd Von Runstedt, the commander of all German army forces on the Western front.
14 Aug-
The Division's final station was at Kufstein, Austria.
Dec-
After 400 days of combat, the 36th Infantry Division returned to the United States.
15 Dec-
The Division was returned to the Texas Army National Guard.


36th Infantry Division
in World War II

CD 1
Open all files from the folders on the CDs
Install Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader from CD 1

The files below are found on CD 1


Five Years,
Five Countries,
Five Campaigns

An Account of the
141st Infantry Regiment
in World War II






CD1
157 Pages - PDF


20 - 22 Jan 44

36th Infantry Division
141st Infantry Regiment

Rapido River
Cassino






CD1
31 Pages - PDF


20 - 22 Jan 44

36th Infantry Division
143rd Infantry Regiment

Operations in the
attacks across the Rapido River, Near Sant' Angelo, Italy

Rome-Arno
Campaign

CD1
35 Pages - PDF


1 - 3 Feb 45

36th Infantry Division
141st Infantry Regiment

Operations in the attack on Herrlisheim, North of Strasbourg, Alsace

Rhineland Campaign



CD1
33 Pages - PDF


2 - 6 Feb 45

36th Infantry Division
143rd Infantry Regiment

Operations in the Capture and Defense
of Rohrwiller, East of Bischwiller, France

Rhineland Campaign

CD1
34 Pages - PDF


19 - 22 Mar 45

36th Infantry Division
141st Infantry Regiment

Operations at the Siegfried Line, Wissembourg-Dorrenbach Area



CD1
22 Pages - PDF


US Army WWII

Chronology
1941 - 1945








CD1
671 Pages - PDF


Medal of Honor
Recepients










CD 1
14 Citations - PDF


Sep 43 - May 45
Cassino
To The Alps


CD 1
690 Pages - PDF


9 Sep 43 - 4 Jun 44

Road To Rome


CD 1
66 Pages - PDF


9 Sep - 6 Oct 43

Salerno


CD 1
111 Pages - PDF


9 Sep 43 - 21 Jan 44

Naples - Foggia


CD 1
32 Pages - PDF


22 Jan - 24 May 44

Anzio


CD 1
28 Pages - PDF


22 Jan - 9 Sep 44

Rome-Arno


CD 1
31 Pages - PDF


15 Aug - 14 Sep 44

Southern France
Campaign


CD 1
32 Pages - PDF


16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45

Ardennes - Alsace
Campaign

CD 1
56 Pages - PDF


15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45

Rhineland


CD 1
36 Pages - PDF


22 Mar - 11 May 45

Central Europe


CD 1
36 Pages - PDF


19 Days
From Apennines
To the Alps



CD 1
90 Pages - PDF


Pictorial Record

War Against
Germany and Italy

CD1
458 Pages - PDF


Readers Guide

US Army
in World War II



CD 1
185 Pages - PDF

 



Research Guide

National Archives
Finding Information of
Personal Participation
in World War II Guide

CD 1
5 Pages - PDF



National Art Gallery

Guide to
Research Resources Relating to World War II


CD 1
20 Pages - PDF



Form SF-180
Records Request

Request for
Personnel Records



CD 1
3 Pages - PDF

 



Chart

Organization
US Army Division




CD 1
1 Page - PDF


Situation Maps

Europe





CD1
82 Maps: PDF


Film

The
Unitrd States Army
Presents

36th Infantry Division

CD 1
20 Mins - .mp4


Order of Battle

US ARMY
European Theater
of Operations


CD 1
618 Pages - PDF
The files below are found on CD 2


VE Day
Eisenhower Flyer



CD 2
1 Page - PDF


Rank
Insignia of Grade



CD 2
1 Page - PDF


Chart

Enlisted Men's
Uniform Insignias

CD 2
1 Page - PDF


Patch
Identification
Guide


CD 2
19 Pages - PDF


Mines - Booby Traps
Identification Guide

CD 2
80 Pages - PDF


Aircraft
Nose Art

CD 2
34 Pages - PDF


Aircraft
Recognition Guide

CD 2
17 Pages - PDF



Aircraft
Insignia Poster

CD 2
1 Page - PDF



US
World War II
Posters



CD 2
249 Pages - PDF



German
World War II
Posters



CD 2
75 Pages - PDF



Comic Book
Covers




CD 2
8 Pages - PDF


Song Lyrics

Army
HIT KIT
of Popular Songs

CD 2
6 Pages - PDF


Troopships
of World War II















CD 2
391 Pages - PDF


British
Grenadier Guards
1939 - 1945

Campaigns

BEF - 1939 - 1940
Tunisia 1942 - 1943
Italy - 1943 - 1945
Europe 1944 - 1945







CD 2
93 Pages - PDF


Film

The
BIG PICTURE
Documentary Film

"Combat Infantryman"

An Official
Television Report
to the Nation
From the
United States Army



CD 2
Film Info - PDF
Film: 27m14s - MP4


Newsreels

"Allied Vise Tightens
On Rhineland"
Universal Newsreel
7 Dec 44
Film: 7m17s

"Nazis Surrender"
Universal Newsreel
14 May 45
Film: 7m24s

"The Year 1945"
United Newsreel
Film: 8m34s

CD 2
Newsreels - Folder


1 Sep 39 - 10 May 42

Graphic History
Of The War





CD 2
76 Pages - PDF


1985

Veterans
Remerbrances
of World War II

40th Anniversary
of VE Day

CD 2
141 Pages - PDF


Brief History
of World War II







CD 2
55 Pages - PDF


APOs

Army
Postal Service
Addresses




CD 2
149 Pages - PDF
The files below are found on CD 3


Music

"Singing Soldiers"

Winners Second
All Army Soldier
Singing Contest

1954-55
19 Song LP Record
2 Album Set


CD 3
Info - PDF
Files - Folder


Music

What Do You
Do In The Infantry ?

American Military March
Semper Fidelis (Marines)







CD 3
Files - Folder


D-Day
Radio Broadcasts

13 - BBC/CBS/NBC
Normandy Invasion
Broadcasts

24 - CBS Invasion
1 Hour Broadcasts





CD 3
Files - Folder



Cartoons

11
BANNED
World War II
Cartoons

Bugs Bunny
Donald Duck
Popeye
Superman
more ...

CD 3
Info - PDF
Files - Folder



36th
Infantry Division

36th Infantry Division History

The 36th Infantry Division was originally activated as the 15th Division, a Army National Guard Division from Texas and Oklahoma. The designation was changed to the 36th Division in 1917, possibly in July. The unit was sent to Europe in July 1918 and conducted major operations in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. During World War I, the division suffered 2,584 casualties consisting of 466 killed in action, and 2,118 wounded in action. The unit was inactivated in June 1919.

The 36th was called up again for Active Federal Service on 25 November, 1940 at San Antonio, Texas. The Division loaded all of its equipment, Mustered its personnel, and departed for its Mobilization Station at Camp Bowie, Texas on 14 December. The 36th moved to Brownwood, Texas on 1 June 1941, where it participated in the VIII Corps Brownwood Maneuvers until 13 June. The Division then returned to Camp Bowie.

The Division then moved to Mansfield, Louisiana, and took part in both the August and September 1941 Louisiana Maneuvers. The Division then returned to Camp Bowie on 2 October where it was reorganized into a Triangular Infantry Division on 1 Feb 1942.

The Division then moved to Camp Blanding, Florida on 19 February, and participated in the Carolina Maneuvers between 9 July and15 August. The Division then was Staged at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts on 17 August for its Port Call.

The Division departed the New York Port of Embarkation on 2 April, 1943 for North Africa.

Combat Chronicle
The 36th Infantry Division landed in North Africa 13 April, 1943 and trained at Arzew and Rabat. It was Assigned to the VI Corps, Seventh Army, but attached to SOS, NATOUSA, for supply. The Division first saw action, 9 September when it landed by sea at Paestum on the Gulf of Salerno against intense German opposition. The Germans launched counterattacks on September 12-14, but the 36th repulsed them with the aid of air support and naval gunfire, and advanced slowly, securing the area from Agropoli to Altavilla.

After a brief rest the 36th returned to combat, 15 November. It captured Mount Maggiore, Mount Lungo, and the village of San Pietro despite strong enemy positions and severe winter weather. This grueling campaign was marked by futile attempts to establish a secure bridgehead across the Rapido River, 1 January to 8 February, 1944. After assisting the 34th Division in the attack on Cassino and fighting defensively along the Rapido River, the severely depleted 36th withdrew, 12 March for rest and rehabilitation. On 25 May the Division was sent by sea to the Anzio bridgehead to take part in Operation Diadem. It drove north to capture Velletri 1 June and entered Rome on the 5th. Pushing up from Rome, the 36th encountered sharp resistance at Magliano, but reached Piombino, 26 June before moving back to Paestum for rest and rehabilitation.

On 15 August, as part of the American 6th Army Group, the division made another amphibious assault landing, against light opposition in the Saint-Raphaël-Fréjus area of Southern France as part of Operation Dragoon. A rapid advance opened the Rhone River Valley. Montelimar fell 28 August and large German units were trapped. On 15 September the Division was attached to the French First Army. The 36th advanced to the Moselle River at Remiremont and the foothills of the Vosges. In a grinding offensive, the Division crossed the Meurthe River, breached the Ste. Marie Pass and burst into the Alsatian Plains. The enemy counterattacked 13 December but the 36th held the perimeter of the Colmar Pocket. On 15 December the Division was released from attachment to the First French Army, and returned to the control of VI Corps. The German Army counterattacks out of the Colmar Pocket were so fierce, that at times, the field artillery was forced to fire over open sights, at point blank range to stop them. On 20 December the Division resumed the attack, advancing northward along the Rhine River to Mannheim meeting heavy resistance at Haguenau, Oberhofen, and Wissembourg. In this action Company "G" 143rd Infantry Regiment gained a Presidential Unit Citation. On 27 December the Division was reassigned to XXI Corps, and the Division was pinched out and returned to Seventh Army Reserve on 30 December.

The Division was taken out of the line for the first time since it had landed in the south of France. On 3 January, 1945 the Division was reassigned to XV Corps. On 18 January the Division was reassigned to VI Corps. It returned to the line early March. The 36th was reassigned to the Seventh Army on 29 March, and moved to the Danube River on 22 April. It was reassigned to the XXI Corps on 27 April and attacked the "National Redoubt" at Künzelsau on the 30th. The 36th has been recognized by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum as a liberating unit for their work securing the subcamps of the Dachau concentration camp system. By 8 May the division was based in Kitzbuhel, Austria where it captured Field Marshall Gerd Von Runstedt, the commander of all German army forces on the Western front, and it’s final station was at Kufstein, Austria on 14 August, 1945.

After 400 days of combat, the 36th Infantry Division returned to the United States in December 1945. It was returned to the Texas Army National Guard on 15 December, 1945.



36th
Infantry Division

36th Infantry Division
Campaigns of World War II

Naples-Foggia 9 Sep 43 - 21 Jan 44
Anzio 22 Jan - 24 May 44
Rome-Arno

22 Jan - 9 Sep 44

Southern France 15 Aug - 14 Sep 44
Rhineland 15 Sept 44 - 21 Mar 45
Ardennes-Alsace 16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45
Central Europe 22 Mar - 11 May 45

Naples - Foggia
9 Sep 43 - 21 Jan 44

After Allied bombardment of communications and airfields in Italy, Montgomery crossed the Strait of Messina on 3 September 1943 and started northward. Five days later Eisenhower announced that the Italian Government had surrendered. Fifth Army, under Clark, landed at Salerno on g September and managed to stay despite furious counterattacks. By 18 September the Germans were withdrawing northward. On 27 September Eighth Army occupied the important airfields of Foggia, and on I October Fifth Army took Naples. As the Allies pushed up the peninsula, the enemy slowed the advance and brought it to a halt at the Gustav Line.


Anzio
22 Jan - 24 May 44

The four months of this campaign would see some of the most savage fighting of World War II.

Following the successful Allied landings at Calabria, Taranto, and Salerno in early September 1943 and the unconditional surrender of Italy that same month, German forces had quickly disarmed their former allies and begun a slow, fighting withdrawal to the north. Defending two hastily prepared, fortified belts stretching from coast to coast, the Germans significantly slowed the Allied advance before settling into the Gustav Line, a third, more formidable and sophisticated defensive belt of interlocking positions on the high ground along the peninsula’s narrowest point.

During the four months of the Anzio Campaign the Allied VI Corps suffered over 29,200 combat casualties (4,400 killed, 18,000 wounded, 6,800 prisoners or missing) and 37,000 noncombat casualties. Two-thirds of these losses, amounting to 17 percent of VI Corps’ effective strength, were inflicted between the initial landings and the end of the German counteroffensive on 4 March. Of the combat casualties, 16,200 were Americans (2,800 killed, 11,000 wounded, 2,400 prisoners or missing) as were 26,000 of the Allied noncombat casualties. German combat losses, suffered wholly by the Fourteenth Army, were estimated at 27,500 (5,500 killed, 17,500 wounded, and 4,500 prisoners or missing), figures very similar to Allied losses.

The Anzio Campaign continues to be controversial, just as it was during its planning and implementation stages. The operation, according to U.S. Army Center of Military History historian Clayton D. Laurie, clearly failed in its immediate objectives of outflanking the Gustav Line, restoring mobility to the Italian campaign, and speeding the capture of Rome.

Yet the campaign did accomplish several goals. The presence of a significant Allied force behind the German main line of resistance, uncomfortably close to Rome, represented a constant threat. The Germans could not ignore Anzio and were forced into a response, thereby surrendering the initiative in Italy to the Allies. The 135,000 troops of the Fourteenth Army surrounding Anzio could not be moved elsewhere, nor could they be used to make the already formidable Gustav Line virtually impregnable.


Rome - Arno
22 Jan - 9 Sep 44

The Allied operations in Italy between January and September 1944 were essentially an infantryman’s war where the outcome was decided by countless bitterly fought small unit actions waged over some of Europe’s most difficult terrain under some of the worst weather conditions found anywhere during World War II.


Southern France
15 Aug - 14 Sep 44

The Allied invasion of southern France in the late summer of 1944, an operation first code-named ANVIL and later DRAGOON, marked the beginning of one of the most successful but controversial campaigns of World War II. However, because it fell both geographically and chronologically between two much larger Allied efforts in northern France and Italy, both its conduct and its contributions have been largely ignored. Planned originally as a simultaneous complement to OVERLORD, the cross-Channel attack on Normandy, ANVIL actually took place over two months later, on 15 August 1944, making it appear almost an afterthought to the main Allied offensive in northern Europe. Yet the success of ANVIL and the ensuing capture of the great southern French ports of Toulon and Marseille, together with the subsequent drive north up the Rhone River valley to Lyon and Dijon, were ultimately to provide critical support to the Normandy-based armies finally moving east toward the German border.


Rhineland
15 Sep 44 - 21 Mar 45

The Rhineland Campaign, although costly for the Allies, had clearly been ruinous for the Germans. The Germans suffered some 300,000 casualties and lost vast amounts of irreplaceable equipment. Hitler, having demanded the defense of all of the German homeland, enabled the Allies to destroy the Wehrmacht in the West between the Siegfried Line and the Rhine River. Now, the Third Reich lay virtually prostrate before Eisenhower’s massed armies.


Ardennes - Alsace
16 Dec 44 - 25 Jan 45

In August 1944, while his armies were being destroyed in Normandy, Hitler secretly put in motion actions to build a large reserve force, forbidding its use to bolster Germany’s beleaguered defenses. To provide the needed manpower, he trimmed existing military forces and conscripted youths, the unfit, and old men previously untouched for military service during World War II.

In September Hitler named the port of Antwerp, Belgium, as the objective. Selecting the Eifel region as a staging area, Hitler intended to mass twenty-five divisions for an attack through the thinly held Ardennes Forest area of southern Belgium and Luxembourg. Once the Meuse River was reached and crossed, these forces would swing northwest some 60 miles to envelop the port of Antwerp. The maneuver was designed to sever the already stretched Allied supply lines in the north and to encircle and destroy a third of the Allies’ ground forces. If successful, Hitler believed that the offensive could smash the Allied coalition, or at least greatly cripple its ground combat capabilities, leaving him free to focus on the Russians at his back door.


Central Europe
22 Mar - 11 May 45

By the beginning of the Central Europe Campaign of World War II, Allied victory in Europe was inevitable. Having gambled his future ability to defend Germany on the Ardennes offensive and lost, Hitler had no real strength left to stop the powerful Allied armies. Yet Hitler forced the Allies to fight, often bitterly, for final victory. Even when the hopelessness of the German situation became obvious to his most loyal subordinates, Hitler refused to admit defeat. Only when Soviet artillery was falling around his Berlin headquarters bunker did the German Fuehrer begin to perceive the final outcome of his megalomaniacal crusade.



For Mac or PC computer use. A monograph is a work of writing or essay or book on a specific subject and may be released in the manner of a book or journal article. Files copied from books and the National Archives and are 'as is' and may be incomplete or unreadable in parts. For Special Requests or more information about this or any of my other "Researching WWII" CDs like it, send an email to Hello@MtMestas.com .